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Black History : Home

Resources in Black History

Black History Month Dates

 
  • Feb. 10th- Andrew Brimmer appointed 1st Black governor of the Federal Reserve Board by President Johnson -1966
  • Feb. 11- Nelson Mandela released from S. A. Prison after 27 years - 1990
  • Feb. 12- NAACP founded in New York City - 1909
  • Feb. 13- Renaissance, the first black pro basketball team formed - 1923
  • Feb. 14- Frederick Douglass, abolitionist born 1817- Morehouse College HBI- Organized in Augusta Georgia - 1867
  • Feb. 15- New Jersey was the last northern State to abolish Slavery - 1804
  • Feb. 16- Frederick Douglass elected president of the Freedman's Bank and Trust - 1874
  • Feb. 17- Michael Jordan's birthday - 1963
  • Feb. 18- Shani Davis became the first Black American to win the individual goal medal for long speed skating at the Winter Olympics - 2006
  • Feb. 19- W.E.B. DuBois organized the first Pan-African Congress in Paris, France - 1919
  • Feb. 20- Sidney Poitier born in Miami, Florida - 1927
  • Feb. 21- Malcolm X, assassinated in Manhattan, New York City - 1965
  • Feb. 22- DJ Jazzy Jeff & Fresh Prince won the first Rap Grammy, for the single, "Parents Just Don't Understand" - 1989
  • Feb. 23- W.E.B. DuBois born 1868
  • Feb. 24- Rebecca L. Crumpler, is the first Black woman to receive a M.D. Degree - 1864
  • Feb. 25- Hiram Revels becomes the first Black US Senator - 1879
  • Feb. 26- Theodore "Georgia Deacon" Flowers is the first Black Middle-weight boxing champion - 1926
  • Feb. 27- Debi Thomas, is the first Black figure skater to win a metal in the Winter Olympics - 1988
  • Feb. 28- Richard Spikes invented the automatic great shift - 1932
  • Feb. 29- Hattie McDaniel was the first Black woman to win an Oscar for her role in "Gone With the Wind"- 1940

Primary Documents

1724 - Louisiana's Code Noir: To regulate relations between slaves and colonists, the Louisiana Code noir, or slave code, based largely on that compiled in 1685 for the French Caribbean colonies, was introduced in 1724 and remained in force until the United States took possession of Louisiana in 1803. The Code’s 54 articles regulated the status of slaves and free blacks, as well as relations between masters and slaves.

1775 - Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - This historic proclamation, dated November 7, 1775 and issued from on board a British warship lying off Norfolk, Virginia, by royal governor and Scottish aristocrat John Murray, Earl of Dunmore, offered the first large-scale emancipation of slave and servant labor in the history of colonial British America.

1783 - The Book of Negros - “The Book of Negroes” is a series of documents listing persons of African ancestry who were evacuated from the United States at the end of the American Revolution.

1791 - Benjamin Banneker's Letter to Thomas Jefferson - When the Bill of Rights was adopted in 1791, the liberties it provided were withheld from the hundreds of thousands of Africans living here in slavery. That same year, a free African-American, Benjamin Banneker, challenged the way blacks were seen and treated by whites in America in a public letter to Thomas Jefferson. In this letter, Banneker pointed to the contradictions between the principles laid out in the Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights, and the continued existence of slavery.

1793 - Fugitive Slave Act - Statutes passed by Congress in 1793 and 1850 (and repealed in 1864) that provided for the seizure and return of runaway slaves who escaped from one state into another or into a federal territory.

More primary documents and information about the works from blackpast.org

Black History Month

 

The celebration of Black History Month began as “Negro History Week,” which was created in 1926 by Carter G. Woodson, a noted African American historian, scholar, educator and publisher. It became a month-long celebration in 1976. The month of February was chosen to coincide with the birthdays of Frederick Douglass (February 12, 1890), Abraham Lincoln (February 14, 1817), and Dr. Martin Luther King Junior (January 15, 1939).  Black History Month celebrates the numerous contributions of African Americans to American history.

Image result for image martin luther king jr

 

Watch Some Black History

Martin Luther King, Jr. I Have A Dream Speech delivered  at the 28 August 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom,

From the series: The Lost Tapes: Malcolm X.  In 1962, a confrontation with the LAPD outside a mosque resulted in the death of a Nation of Islam member. It was an event seized on by an outraged Malcolm X, who would condemn it in an impassioned speech.

UCC LibGuides at Union County College